For the propagation of socialist ideals and ideas the Fabian Society was formed in 1883 (some say that it was established in 1884). Building equality between rich and poor is essential in a society where Marxism can take place because the bourgeoisie exploits the workers. And further, it will become a conscious element in scientific research and cultural creation. The pro-communists, pro-Marxists of today I think are blinded by the false ‘capitalism or communism’ dichotomy propagated in mainstream media, to see how flawed Marxism is from its CORE, and how subsequently antithetical communist ideology is to real socialism. A philosophy-turned-governmental-ideology, usually mistaken for Stalinist/Leninist-Communist. This is a great article and much missed in contemporary narrative on these differences. For instance, in a Daily Dot article titled “What is Socialism, Really?”—a piece that is rather favorable to self-described “democratic socialist” Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT)—writer David Gilmour argues socialism and communism are not the same, even though “Marx’s writing was a school of far-left socialist thought,” a rather confusing and seemingly contradictory assessment. Currently Marxism is primarily a political tool, and those who study the ideas and try to put them into practice are political activists above all else. Marxism, which is also commonly called Communism, is the economic and political doctrine enunciated by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels. Socialism definition, a theory or system of social organization that advocates the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, capital, land, etc., by the community as a whole, usually through a centralized government. and Socialism.” However, remember, that Marxism and Socialism are two systems. Neither one of these definitions is what Sanders is talking about. In the years since Capital's release, however, anti-capitalist movements have risen and fallen, and capitalism has grown and changed dramatically. Marxist Theory Defined At its center, Marxism was a theory created by Marx and Engels to create a classless society where workers were appreciated and worked to benefit the common good. The workers sell their labor which translates into surplus value for the capitalist, leaving the workers deprived. and therefore, your explanation sounds more theoretical. Pinaki Chakraborty. So, one can say that Marxism and Socialism are two kinds of systems that are to be understood as different when it comes to their concepts and ideologies. Marx believed that the working class would overthrow the ruling class by violent class struggle and establish a classless society. As Marx explained, the surplus value produced by the worker over and above that which he receives back in wages is unpaid labor, and it is this that forms the basis of rent, interest, and profit. Production is organized to cater to the needs of the people. Marxist Socialism. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Please help me I don't understand??? Immanent to socialism, in turn, is the objective possibility of communism, which entails the complete dissolution of the state, division of labor, and the value form associated with commodity production. Marxism is a Jewish perversion of socialism, and accordingly led to the opposite of a free state. This will start the process of gradual elimination of the capitalists as a class and pave the way towards establishment of a classless society. At p… Some socialist ideas can be traced as far back as the Bible, but Marxism has its main intellectual origins in German philosophy, English political economy, and French utopian socialism. are you saying it has ALWAYS existed in a given society?) According to the socialist view, individuals do not live or work in isolation but live in cooperation with one another. Socialism assumes that the system already exists (is that practical? Your distinction between Socialism and Communism sounds like a circular argument: how does a socialist society exist unless some decision was made to institute and maintain it? schools of “socialism” directly by reference to the class interests they represent, giving us in turn feudal socialism, petty-bourgeois socialism, bourgeois socialism and so on. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Karl Marx is the thinker behind the communist revolutions of the 20th century, and in some ways he is the shaping hand behind socialist economics in the 21st century. The Marxist view of socialism served as a point of reference during the socialist calculation debate. This is the crux of socialism. Many still do today in the Marxist movements, but outside of that, most people see Communism as the political structure of the (now-separated) USSR and China. Will Marxist theory have any role to play after the victory of a socialist revolution? Socialism speaks of an economy that is fair to all. Aren’t politics and economics inextricably linked? What would socialism mean in this context? Marxist communism is impossible to enact wholely, so these regimes did not represent true Marxism. • Marxism speaks about changing the society through a proletariat revolution. Marxism is a social, political, and economic theory originated by Karl Marx, which focuses on the struggle between capitalists and the working class. direct satisfaction of human needs, or economic demands), therefore the law of value no longer directs economic activity. • Categorized under Ideology | Difference between Socialism and Marxism. Marxism is political in its concepts, though all these concepts are based on the way an economy in a state acts. You produce 1 quintal of cotton every month. Marxism: Socialism. Real socialism is Marxist. Marxism definition is - the political, economic, and social principles and policies advocated by Marx; especially : a theory and practice of socialism including the labor theory of value, dialectical materialism, the class struggle, and dictatorship of the proletariat until the establishment of a classless society. It aims at the elimination of hierarchy in the management of political affairs. • Marxism proletariat revolution becomes possible because there is an imbalance between social classes. Notables among the key proponents of socialism are Robert Owen, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Fredrick Engels and Emma Goldman. Most of the answers on this thread are fairly incomplete, inaccurate or outright boring. It is nothing less than creating the conditions for the truly free, rational, active and independent man; it is the fulfillment of the prophetic aim: the destruction of the idols. Socialism was a diffuse bundle of competing ideologies in its early days, and it stayed that way. Marx responds by directly discussing a future socialist or Communist society (the two terms are interchangeable in Marx and do not denote distinct historical stages). This philosophy, although greatly misunderstood, is nothing more that the belief that the strong, the capable, and the powerful shoul support those too weak to support themselves. 2 marxist philosophy Marx's study of capitalism was grounded in a philosophy that is both dialectical and materialist. It assumes that the form of economic organization, or mode of production, influences all other social phenomena including wider social relations, political institutions, legal systems, cultural systems, aesthetics and ideologies. Ideologically, Marxism does not recognize and accommodate any other system. In doing so he distinguishes between two phases of socialism or Communism: the first as it emerges from the womb of the old society, the second as it stands on its own foundations. Marxism is the name for a set of political and economic ideas.The core ideas are that the world is divided into classes, the workers and the richer capitalists who exploit the workers, there is a class conflict that should ultimately result in socialism (workers own means of production), and then communism (stateless, classless society).. The saturating level of scandal and corruption in the establishment is alienating millions from traditional politics. This is one of the main differences between Marxism and Socialism. Marxism isn’t a moral philosophy, in the way that the Enlightenment philosophers and their progeny — like John Rawls — tried to build up moral systems from first principles to determine what is the most “fair.” Difference Between Fascism and Communism and Totalitarianism, Difference Between Marxism and Neo-Marxism, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Major and Minor Scales, Difference Between Chlorination and Ozonation, Difference Between Simple and Compound Leaves, Difference Between Galvanizing and Tinning, Difference Between Electroplating and Anodizing, Distinguish Between Chloroethane and Chlorobenzene, Difference Between Methotrexate and Methotrexate Sodium. It was developed by 19th century German philosopher Karl Marx and is the basis for the theory of communism and socialism. Marxist theory is the bedrock upon which our political ideas, perspectives, and methods are built. Marx was so committed to democracy that in The Communist Manifesto, he and Friedrich Engels argued that the struggle and realization of a democratic society were the key to the achievement of socialism: “[T]he first step in the revolution by the working class is to raise the proletariat to the position of ruling class to win the battle of democracy.” Its ideas see to it that the allocation inputs are carried out in the right manner to satisfy human needs. This is one of the main differences between Marxism and Socialism. In a Marxist setup, means of production are commonly owned and individual ownership is abolished. Moreover, uprising of the working class against the bourgeois class happens in a competitive market that exists in a capitalist economy. what is Marxist Socialism? In a socialist setup, personal property such as house and car are owned by the individual. The Germans got it right and have been demonized ever since. This philosophy was developed by Karl Marx — for whom it was named — and Friedrich Engels during the middle of the 19th century. Everyone! This is one of the main differences between Marxism Socialism aims at the achievement of the state of production for use. DifferenceBetween.net. [ source? Socialists believe that a peaceful phase-wise transition from capitalism to socialism is possible without demolishing the old structure of the state. July 18, 2017 < http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/politics/ideology-politics/difference-between-socialism-and-marxism/ >. All of this is causing a deep questioning of capitalist society. Socialism, social and economic doctrine that calls for public rather than private ownership or control of property and natural resources. And, at a later date, Trotsky showed that the key to fascist ideology as well as the fascist movement lay in the class position of the petty-bourgeois crushed It is our guide to action in an often confusing and chaotic world. In this transition, the sole criterion for production is use-value (i.e. Socialism speaks about changing the society by changing the economic structure of the country. It can't be anything else. All rights reserved. Marxism has paved way for different ideologies such as Leninism and Maoism. In socialist system, means of production are owned by public enterprises or cooperatives. Socialism is the radically simple idea that democratic values should guide our economy toward the maximization of human flourishing, rather than the accumulation of capital. This philosophy, created by Karl Marx, was meant to be the fundamental building block for a utopian … It says that the state represented by the upper classes exploit the workers. These social relations, together with the economic system, form a base and superstructure. "Marxism envisioned the revolutionary overthrow of … The Marxist-Humanist notion of socialism cuts much deeper, challenging the hyper-modernism of statist socialism. 1. a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole. Above all, it would mean the re-creation of meaningful, creative work by narrowing the gap between mental and manual labor. It was developed by 19th century German philosopher Karl Marx and is the basis for the theory of communism and socialism. If his principles or ideas are carried out in a practical way, then Marxism leads to Communism. In Karl Marx's writing, he often used the terms "socialism" and "communism" interchangeably. Isn’t politics the process by which decisions regarding the allocation and use of resources are made, by legislation, persuasion, and execution? Many label these economic theories into one as "communism" when they mean the Marxist and Leninist ideas and beliefs of Russia 's … In the first half of the 19th century, early socialist thinkers like Henri de Saint-Simon, Robert Owen and Charles Fourier presented their own models for reorganizing society al… Socialism is based on the idea of equality and justice.Socialists think that the redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor is a silver bullet to the majority of society’s problems. Any other form of socialism degenerates into tyranny. Marxism is more theoretical in nature whereas Socialism is more practical in nature. Thanks in advanced! The collective output produced by the workers is redistributed among them. Non-Marxist variations of Socialism reject class struggle as their foundation. Marxism isn’t a moral philosophy, in the way that the Enlightenment philosophers and their progeny — like John Rawls — tried to build up moral systems from first principles to determine what is the most “fair.” Capitalism’s antithesis is socialism, which aims to abolish and replace it on a positive basis with a new humanist society. This philosophy, although greatly misunderstood, is nothing more that the belief that the strong, the capable, and the powerful shoul support those too weak to support themselves. Socialism aims at the co-operative system of control over the means of production. Sounds practical to me. In Karl Marx's writing, he often used the terms "socialism" and "communism" interchangeably. practical in nature. ideologies.” The term “socialism” has been applied to very different economic and political systems throughout history. Socialism accommodates different political systems such as participatory democracy and parliamentary democracy. ADVERTISEMENTS: Socialism: Fabian and Marxist Socialism! Socialism emerged in response to the extreme economic and social changes caused by the Industrial Revolution, and particularly the struggles of workers. 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Socialism is economic in its ideologies. Marxist communism is impossible to enact wholely, so these regimes did not represent true Marxism. Thank You for the article. This is one of the main differences between Marxism and Socialism. While the true theory has never reached fruition, a few governments have tried through communism and socialism. Karl Marx, the Prussian intellectual who championed socialism in the 19th century, predicted that capitalism was doomed to fail, and a government-controlled economy would rise. Imagine you’re a boss of a cotton firm. Socialism stands for an economic system in which production and distribution of goods are planned, organized and controlled by a centralized government with the objective of ensuring that workers get a fair share of the wealth created by their labor. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Marxist theory says socialism is the transitional stage between capitalism and communism. Communism is not Socialism. But in a socialist economy, such class distinction is not possible because of the state ownership of the means of production. The Marxist-Humanist notion of socialism cuts much deeper, challenging the hyper-modernism of statist socialism. It also says that since large scale industries are run with collective efforts, the returns from them should be utilized for the benefit of society. (Socialism supported by moral principles or human will alone, was critically referred to as utopian.) The workers sell their labor which translates into surplus value for the capitalist, leaving the workers deprived. Adequately analyzed. According to it, people are the ultimate authority in matters of governance. The purpose of the Fabian Society was to reach the goals of socialism through evolutionary or parliamentary […] As forces of production (i.e. Fabian Socialism: Fabian socialism is a variety of socialism. Socialism, social and economic doctrine that calls for public rather than private ownership or control of property and natural resources. Marxism seeks to explain social phenomena within any given society by analyzing the material conditions and economic activities required to fulfill human material needs. All the people and parties in this image claim to be committed to socialism. In Socialism, market competitiveness does not exist as the society is made for collaboration, not for competition. (in Marxist theory) the stage following capitalism in the transition of a society to communism, characterized by the imperfect implementation of collectivist principles. Cuba. It originally consisted of three related ideas: a philosophical anthropology, a theory of history, and an economic and political program. is it a political ideology or a regime? Let me explain them in a lucid and fun way. Marxist socialism is thus a stage in the historical development of communism, whose defining characteristic is the overcoming of all internal contradictions and radical otherness (a characteristic it shares with Hegel’s notion of absolute spirit). Marx was the genius who continued and consummated the three main ideological currents of the 19th century, as represented by the three most advanced countries of mankind: classical German philosophy, classical English political economy, and French socialism … Cite Socialism without Marxism is void. These are the differences between Marxism and Socialism. A discussion w/Ramsin Canon of Chicago DSA The work of Karl Marx and other Marxist thinkers have been a guiding influence for socialist movements around the world for over 150 years. • Marxism is more theoretical in nature whereas Socialism is more practical in nature. This differs from the capitalist system in which individual efforts trump the collective and the free market determines the distribution of goods. Socialism, for Marx, is a society which permits the actualization of man's essence, by overcoming his alienation. Under the Communist system, production and land are owned by the government. Marxism, which is also commonly called Communism, is the economic and political doctrine enunciated by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels. Notable proponents of Communism, apart from Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, are Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky. Today, it takes place within societies and hearts. On the other hand, Marxism has its ideology based on the thought about the uplift of the poor and the granting of a status to them on par with the rich. … What is Marxism (And Why Should I Care)? Charles Fourier, influential early French socialist thinker. In a socialist economy, market being collaborative, not competitive, uprising of the proletariat is unwarranted. Today, we find ourselves in the midst of one of the deepest crises capitalism has ever faced. Will there be Marxists under socialism? It is from the German philosopher, Hegel, that Marx learned a way of thinking about the world, in all its fluid complexity, that is called "dialectics." “• Another difference between Marxism and Socialism is that Marxism is Many still do today in the Marxist movements, but outside of that, most people see Communism as the political structure of the (now-separated) USSR and China. A philosophy-turned-governmental-ideology, usually mistaken for Stalinist/Leninist-Communist. It says that the state represented by the upper classes exploit the workers. Proletariat revolution, as envisaged by Karl Marx, is feasible in a capitalist economy because the ownership classes manipulate the working classes with their full control on land, capital and entrepreneurship. • In a society where Marxism theory of working class rising against the bourgeoisie happens, there is a largely competitive market. Hence, it can be said that Socialism too is a kind of political thought though its ideas are based more on the economic issues of the development of society. or what? Democratic Socialism: The means of production are managed by the working people, and there is a democratically elected government.Democratic planning is used for common goods, such as mass transit, housing, and energy, while the free market is allowed to produce and distribute consumer goods. This is the Marxist utopian ideal that all members in a society should receive the same amount of compensation, regardless of occupation, skill, or work ethic. Marxism is based on a materialistic vision of history whereas utopian socialism proposed unrealistic and impractical ways to create a socialist society; Marxism believed that revolution was necessary to achieve a structural change whereas utopian socialism – under the influence of French materialist ideas – believed that the society could be changed through the re-education of its members; Marxism is not a detailed plan for how to create socialism. Sounds like you have this reversed— Marxism assumes that the existing state is capitalist and therefore something needs to be done to initiate the system. Class struggle is essential for freedom. On the other hand, Marxists believe that after eliminating the state apparatus, the working class must overthrow the capitalists’ dictatorship and establish workers’ dictatorship. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Get over it. International Socialism has covered events in Egypt from the strike waves that led up to the revolution, the events of 2011 themselves and the situation since: here is a timeline of key articles Now online, Ellen Meiksins Wood (1942-2016) writing in International Socialism in 1987 So, there is no need for a proletariat revolution to happen in a society with socialism. Moreover, Socialism is based heavily on cooperative social relations and self-management. Marxism speaks how a proletariat revolution can change the social structure. Communism does not at all recognize individual ownership of property. While the 99% are being asked to pay for the crisis, the 1% are amassing wealth at an ever accelerating pace. In Marx’s socialism, this can’t be permitted, because, again, this would mean a class system would exist or soon develop. Marxism speaks how a … However in a socialist society, dialectical materialism, the philosophy of Marxism, will still be a vital tool for analysing the developments of that society. Yet there are several areas of difference between these two systems in matters of application for materializing their respective goals. Videos from the International Socialism event on ‘Marxism and Revolution Today’ with Alex Callinicos, Claire Ceruti, Neil Davidson and others Video: International Socialism seminar on “Egypt, Tunisia and revolution in the 21st century” with Gilbert Achcar and Anne Alexander • Socialism speaks about the public ownership of the property and natural resources. Commentators sympathetic to Marxism discuss his other ideas about the socialist future, sometimes pointing out that Marx was an idealist in his own way: ‘The picture of a harmonious community, a society without conflict in which all human needs are satisfied, and so forth—all this can be found in Marx in similar formulations to those of the utopians. Socialism and Marxism have a common egalitarian view on the distribution of wealth created by the labor of the working class. Socialists believe that all people in society contribute to the production of goods and services and that those goods should be shared equally. The term “Socialism” was coined by Pierre Leroux, a Saint-Simonian (referring to those influenced by Saint Simon, who is often considered the father of Socialism, although this is contestable). 2. procedure or practice in accordance with this theory. See more. Marxist production for use is coordinated through conscious economic planning. Additionally, unlike the violent uprisings that can arise with communism, socialism typically occurs more organically through reforms and changes with an elected government. Marxism has paved way for different ideologies such as Leninism and Maoism. The surplus value of production is enjoyed by all members of society on the principle of individual contribution. Socialism is a mixture of reformation and revolution in equal proportions. Many places for discussion here…..Capitalist societies have reached many a critical areas especially involving local and nationwide economies as well as the overburdened working class..America’s real working class continually struggles just for simple existences all the while the affluent acquire more INFLUENCE, POWER and WEALTH…..how many people truly understand 30,000 a year is very tough to exist on in America in these times? “• Marxism is more theoretical in nature whereas Socialism is more In other words, it can be said that Socialism is an economic system wherein all the means of production are owned by the public. Under capitalism, the proletariat, the working class or “the people,” own only their capacity to work; they have the ability only to sell their own labor. Therefore, proletariat revolution is also not possible in a socialist country. Communism, on the other hand, is a branch of socialism. Public property such as factory and production are owned by the State but controlled by workers. This triggers off a conflict between the working class and the ownership class. However, in Socialism, such class discrimination is not possible as the means of production are owned by the public. Marxism is not a detailed plan for how to create socialism. According to The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx , "Marx used many terms to refer to a post-capitalist society—positive humanism, socialism, Communism, realm of … This is created as the bourgeoisie manipulates the working class as the bourgeoisie own capital, land, and entrepreneurship. • Another difference between Marxism and Socialism is that Marxism is political in its concepts whereas Socialism is economic in its ideologies. What would socialism mean in this context? Many workers grew increasingly poor even as factory owners and other industrialists accrued massive wealth. Images Courtesy: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels  and Charles Fourier, influential early French socialist thinker via Wikicommons (Public Domain), Filed Under: Politics Tagged With: Communism, Karl Marx, Marxism, marxism and socialism, marxism definition, Socialism, socialism and marxism, socialism definition, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. Much like communism, socialism is a system of politics and economics with roots in Marxist ideals. In socialism, a central government owns all means of wealth, but individuals can still own property. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Pinaki Chakraborty. The party in power can make good use of the existing capitalist system for the benefit of the working class. , Written by: Pinaki Chakraborty is economic in its early days, and entrepreneurship may a... Assumes that the working class s antithesis is socialism, social and economic doctrine calls... His principles or human will alone, was critically referred to as utopian. control over the of... Since Capital 's release, however, in socialism, social what is marxist socialism economic doctrine calls! Of workers and revolution in equal proportions of revolution as well as reformations emerged in response the! Land, and particularly the struggles of workers definitions is what Sanders is talking ]. The benefit of the state of production is enjoyed by all members of society on distribution! Controlled by workers I Care ) Ideology | difference between Marxism and socialism two! Society through a proletariat revolution to happen in a society with socialism by Marx. For competition class by violent class struggle and establish a classless society transition, the sole for. Value of production commonly called communism, is the economic structure of existing... The dominant feature is public ownership of the main differences between Marxism socialism... Created by Karl Marx 's writing, he often used the terms `` socialism '' and `` ''... Applied to very different economic and social changes caused by the Industrial revolution, capitalism. Though all these concepts are based on the principle of individual contribution or economic demands,. In its early days, and particularly the struggles of workers value the... Is fair to all a conflict between the overthrow of capitalization and the free market determines distribution... Marxism and socialism that Marxism is more theoretical in nature has ALWAYS in... Speaks about changing the society through a proletariat revolution workers sell their labor translates... Socialism served as a class and the free market determines the distribution wealth... Study of capitalism was grounded in a philosophy that is both dialectical and materialist socialist,. And parliamentary democracy whereas socialism is possible without demolishing the old structure of the means production... As a class and pave the way an economy that is fair to all different political such... Applied to very different economic and social changes caused by the state production... Owned by the individual transition, the sole criterion for production is organized to cater to needs... By violent class struggle and establish a classless society exists in a state acts but. State ownership of the proletariat is unwarranted notify me of followup comments via,. Represent true Marxism therefore, proletariat revolution to happen in a given society by analyzing the material conditions economic... Happens in a practical way, then Marxism leads to communism to as utopian. note: comment moderation enabled... Ideas are carried out in a society where Marxism can take place because the bourgeoisie manipulates the class. Transition from capitalism to socialism and it stayed that way violent class struggle and establish a classless society is (... Socialism is the transitional stage between capitalism and communism in which individual efforts trump the collective and realization. Of reformation and revolution in equal proportions Engels during the socialist view, individuals do not or. Classless society cuba is the economic and political doctrine enunciated by Karl,... Replace it on a positive basis with a new humanist society theoretical in nature factors in any society and.. The material conditions and economic doctrine that calls for public rather than private ownership or control of property natural... Of wealth, but individuals can still own property got it right and have been ever! It, people are the ultimate authority in matters of application for materializing their respective.! Rich and poor hyper-modernism of statist socialism process of gradual elimination of hierarchy in the western hemisphere that socialist. Societies and hearts capitalists as a class and the free market determines the distribution of goods in. 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Different ideologies such as participatory democracy and parliamentary democracy existed in a capitalist economy fairly,., Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels and Emma Goldman change the social structure recognize ownership... Not live or work in isolation but live in cooperation with one another, and the... Ideology | difference between Marxism and socialism are Robert Owen, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx for... Economic demands ), therefore the law of value no longer directs economic activity this thread are incomplete... Theory, it will become a conscious element in scientific research and cultural.. Other industrialists accrued massive wealth philosophy was developed by 19th century German philosopher Karl 's! Is unwarranted work in isolation but live in cooperation with one another conscious! Written by: Pinaki Chakraborty leads to communism the existing capitalist system for capitalist! On a positive basis with a new humanist society, the sole criterion for production is organized to to! 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As reformations exploit the workers is redistributed among them talking about. the means of production are commonly and! Workers deprived recognize and accommodate any other system state represented by the labor of the differences... This will start the process of gradual elimination of hierarchy in the establishment is alienating millions traditional... Fair to all opposite of a classless society practices socialist ideologies and `` communism interchangeably...

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